GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF TILAPIA (Oreochromis niloticus) SEEDS THROUGH THE ADDITION OF PAPAIN ENZYME
Keywords:feed, nila tilapia fish, papain enzyme
As a maritime country, Indonesia relies heavily on the aquaculture sector, including freshwater aquaculture. Freshwater aquaculture has been widely practised in the aquaculture of nila tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus). The obstacle that often arises in nila tilapia fish culture is the low growth of fish. Factors that cause low fish growth are the low ability of fish to digest the feed given. The papain enzyme can be used as a protein catalyst in feed, increasing growth rates and reducing production costs. This study was conducted from November to December 2022 at the Seberang Ulu 1 District, Palembang, South Sumatra. This study used an experimental method with treatment P0 being the control (without adding the papain enzyme) and P1 being the treatment with adding the papain enzyme at a dose of 2.25%. The P1 treatment produced the highest results: the absolute length growth of 3.49 cm, the absolute weight of tilapia of 9.8 g, feed efficiency of 98.30% and survival of 88.80%.
Anggraini, A. & Yunianta, _2015). Effect of papain hydrolysis temperature and time on chemical, physical and organoleptic characteristic of edamame milk. Jurnal Pangan & Agroindustri, 3(3), 1015-1025.
Arifin, M.Y., (2016). Pertumbuhan & kelangsungan survival rate ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus) strain merah & strain hitam yang dipelihara pada media bersalinitas. Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi, 16(1), 1-8.
Effendie, M.I., (2002). Biologi Perikanan. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Nusantama.
Hasan, O.D.S., (2012). Evaluation Of Kapook Seed (Ceiba Petandra Gaertn) Based On Digestibility, Enzimatic, Blood Parameter, Histology And Growth Performance As Alternatif Of Feed Ingredient For Common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. Dissertation. Graduate School. Agricultural Bogor University.
Hasan, O.D.S., (2000). Pengaruh Pemberian Enzim Papain Dalam Pakan Buatan Terhadap Pemanfaatan Protein Dan Pertumbuhan Benih Ikan Gurame (Osphronemus gourami lac). Undergraduate Theses. Agricultural Bogor University.
Hutabarat, G.M., Rachmawati, D. & Pinandoyo, (2015). perfothe growth performance of crayfish seeds (Cherax quadricarinatus) through addition of enzyme papain in artificial feed. Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology, 4(1), 10-18.
Khodijah, D., Rachmawati, D. & Pinandoyo, (2015). The growth performance of the catfish seeds (Clarias gariepinus) by the addition of the papain enzyme in the artificial diet. Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology. 4(2), 35-43.
Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia. 2019. Program Prioritas Struktur Ekonomi 2019. Jakarta: Ke Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia
National Research Council, (2011). Nutrient Requirements of Fish and Shrimp. Washington DC: National Academic of Science.
Riyanti, A., Susanto, A. & Sukarti, K., (2014). Penambahan tepung buah pepaya (Carica papaya) dalam pakan terhadap pertumbuhan & efesiensi pakan pada ikan nila GIFT (Oreochromis sp.) ukuran 3-5 cm. Jurnal Ilmu Perikanan Tropis. 30(1), 60-67.
Simanjuntak, R.F., Abdiani, I.M. & Verawati. (2018). Bioenrichment of papaya meal (Carica papaya) with different feed formulation on tilapia growth out performance (Oreochromis niloticus). Jurnal Harpodon Borneo. 11(2), 59-68.
Watanabe, T. (1998). Fish Nutrition and Marine Culture. Department of Aquatic Biosciences. Tokyo University of Fisheries. Jica, 223.
Widaryati, R., (2019). Effect of addition of young papaya fruit extracts (Carica papaya L) in feed to the growth and survival of tilapia seeds (Oreochromis nilotius). (Oreochromis nilotius). Jurnal Ilmu Hewan Tropika, 7(2), 62–65.
Widowati, T. P., Setyawardani, T., & Hastuti,D, (2002). Effect of the pinaple (Ananas comosus) slurry as bating agent on the tensile strength and shrinkage temperature of local vegetable tanned of rabbit skins. Majalah Barang Kulit Karet dan Plastik, 18(1), 29-34.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internasional (CC BY 4.0) Licence that allows others to use and share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- The author(s) still hold the copyright of his/her/their work and retain publishing rights without restrictions such as (but not limited to) patent right, lecture, book and reproduce the article for own purposes.