Conservation of Marginal Land by Applying Biochar Plus

  • Ikhsan Hasibuan University of Prof. Dr. Hazairin, SH

Abstract

In our country, marginal land occupy for about 50 million hectares or almost one forth of  total land. In Sumatra, nearly all marginal land is dominated by podzolik soil which about 10 million hectares. The main problems of this soil are including low pH, high Al content, low cation exchange capacity, and poor of nutrient and organic matter level, therefore the growth  and yield of plants can not be optimal. Traditionally, farmers use lime to solve this problem, but this method only influences the chemical aspect but not the biological one. The solution we offer in research is by applying biochar.  It is high in carbon, porous and could improve soil fertility. This research aimed to know and evaluate the impact of biochar application on growth and yield of corn. The result showed that biochar  gave positive impact on growth and yield of corn. By using biochar the corn height reached 155,67 cm while applying lime could only grew till 56 cm and 20 cm by using no ameliorant or control. Furthermore, the corn seed weight was thrice by biochar than by lime that were 194,5 g compared to 42 g per plant. Meanwhile, the corn plants were failed to produce yield in treatment of chemical fertiliser and control.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Biochar info, 2016. Biochar Overview. https://www.biochar.info/biochar.biochar-consulting.cfml diakses tanggal 8 Februari 2017.
Ekebafe, M.O. Ekebafe, L.O., Ugbesia, S.O. 2015. Biochar composts and composites. Science Progress 98(2), 169–176.
Igalavithana, A.D., Ok, Y.S., Usman, A.R.A., Al-Wabel, M.I. Oleszczuk, P., dan Lee, S.S. 2016. The Effects of Biochar Amendment on Soil Fertility. Agricultural and Environmental Application of Biochar: Advances and Barriers. SSSA Special Publication.
Kuzyakov, Y., Subbotina, I., Chen, H.Q., Bogomolova, I. and Xu, X.L. 2009. Black carbon decomposition incorporation into soil microbial biomass estimated by C-14 labeling. Soil Biology Biochemical., 41, 210–219.
Paz-Ferreiro, J., Mendez, A. Dan Gasco, G. 2016. Application of Biochar for Soil Biological Improvement. Agricultural and Environmental Application of Biochar: Advances and Barriers. SSSA Special Publication.
Peasant, B. 2009. Making Biochar to Improve Soil. http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/making-biochar-improve-soil-zmaz09fmzraw diakses tanggal 8 Februari 2017.
Prasetyo, B.H., H. Sosiawan, and S. Ritung. 2000. Soil of Pametikarata, East Sumba: Its suitability and constraints for food crop development. Indon. J. Agric. Sci. 1(1): 1−9
Prasetyo, B.H. dan Suriadikarta, D.A. 2006. Karakteristik, Potensi dan Teknologi Pengelolaan Tanah Ultisol untuk Pengembangan Pertanian Lahan Kering di Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. 25(2).
Spokas, K.A., Cantrell, K.B., Novak, J.M., Archer, D.W., Ippolito, J.A., Collins, H.P. Boateng, A.A., Lima, I.M., Lamb, M.C., McAloon, A.J., Lentz, R.D., dan Nichols, K.A. 2012. Biochar: A Synthesis of Its Agronomic Impact Beyond Carbon Sequestration. Journal of Environmental Quality. Volume 41. Isuue 4. July 2012.
Subagyo, H., N. Suharta, dan A.B. Siswanto. 2004. Tanah-tanah pertanian di Indonesia. Dalam A. Adimihardja, L.I. Amien, F. Agus, D. Djaenudin (Ed.). Sumberdaya Lahan Indonesia dan Pengelolaannya. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimat, Bogor.
Sun Z, Moldrup P, Elsgaard L, Arthur E, Bruun EW, Hauggaard-Nielsen H, de Jonge LW. 2013. Direct and indirect short-term effects of biochar on physical characteristics of an arable sandy loam. Soil Science 178:465–473
Sun, Z., Bruun, E.W., Arthur, E., de Jonge, L.W., Moldrup. P., Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., & Elsgaard, L. 2014. Effect of biochar on aerobic processes, enzyme activity, and crop yields in two sandy loam soils. Biological Fertilility Soils 50:1087–1097
Xu, CY., Hosseini-Bai, S., Hao, Y., Rachaputi, R.C.N., Wang, H., Xu, Z. Dan Wallace, H. 2015. Effect of Biochar Amendment on Yield and Photosynthesis of Peanut on Two Types of Soils. Jurnal Environmental Science and Pollution Research. Volume 2, Issue 8. April 2015.
Published
2017-12-11
How to Cite
HASIBUAN, Ikhsan. Conservation of Marginal Land by Applying Biochar Plus. Jurnal Agroqua: Media Informasi Agronomi dan Budidaya Perairan, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 43-50, dec. 2017. ISSN 2598-4071. Available at: <https://journals.unihaz.ac.id/index.php/agroqua/article/view/196>. Date accessed: 20 june 2018.